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张家界天门山英文导游词

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张家界 天门 英文 导游
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张家界天门山英文导游词Friends: I believe we are not unfamiliar to the Tianmenshan Mountain. Held in November 1999 World Grand Prix aerobatic, the completion of the human first flew across the feat of a natural cave, all of a sudden the Tianmen Mountain, the name into the common people's field of vision. How many people want to see the presence of Tianmenshan Mountain, today, you finally got it!Tianmen Mountain away from Zhangjiajie City on the south side of about 8 km, 1.93 km wide from north to south of the peak, 196 km from east to west, area of 2.2 square kilometers, elevation of 1518.6, it by the development of a more complete karst difference in Wulingyuan sandstone peak forest landscape is a surrounded by cliffs stand shape Gushan.Tianmen Shandong Han said the song Liangshan, three for mountain wall open a door, Wu Sun King Hugh think is a good omen and renamed for Tianmen Mountain, and the demolition of the Wuling County home Tianmen county. Tianmen Mountain is a masterpiece of nature, in the long geological history, which undergoes marine to terrestrial facies, formation of mountains, and subjected to hundreds of millions of years of wind and rain erosion, especially in Triassic Yanshan movement for most. At the end of the Cretaceous, large-scale Himalayan orogeny, further raising of the Tianmen Mountain, respectively, were two faults Canyon cut is the isolated hill, the mountain and the valley opened the great height difference, within a few kilometers high amounted to more than 1300 meters, thus creating a Tianmen Mountain Butte stands tall and erect, Airport only respect the magnificent momentum.Tianmen Mountain weather is unique, Qijue openings, the vegetation is rich, has a long history is the mysterious carrier of history and culture and Buddhism culture, is the perfect combination of natural landscape and cultural landscape of.In order to speed up the process of tourism development in Zhangjiajie, Tianmenshan Mountain is in the scale of development and construction. Some scenic spots have not yet officially opened; the world's longest Tianmenshan Mountain cable and the Tianmenshan Mountain temple is under construction.(Tianmen cave) in Tianmen Mountain 1264 meter high cliff, give birth to the natural openings of a ripped through north and south, at the bottom of the cave to cave 131.5 meters, 37 meters wide, depth of 30 meters. The north edge of the top hole, with drooping leading bamboo, its roots as the leading, the leaves like phoenix tail, so called bamboo. The groove is about more than 200 meters high, spring water from above there fell plum rain little. It is said that who can mouth the next 48 drops of plum rain, can be an immortal. Tianmen cave, often can see the martlet flying eagle. With the change of the weather, sometimes smoke Tianmen cave, sometimes clear like a mirror, constitutes a cycle, rapidly changing meteorological landscape.Then, Tianmen cave is formed? The result of the dissolution of the “funnel“ is considered by Mr. Tan Gongjiong. He believes that the East Tianmen cave micro terrain West dipping, West to East tilt micro topography, the core is Tianmen cave syncline. What is the two to two wall joints around 320 degrees and a cut to 40 degrees in Tianmen hole and intersecting joints. The two karst funnel also plays an important role in the process of karst. Rain falls, surface water along the slope of the ground to funnel flow, a part of the influx of soil water, along the formation of interlayer fracture toward the syncline core collection of dirty, continuous long-term erosion of the local collapse and eventually the two groups of cave, and as one, formed the Tianmen cave.相沉积上升为陆相沉积,形成高山,并经受亿万年风雨剥蚀,尤以三迭纪燕山运动为最甚。白垩纪末,大规模的喜马拉雅山造山运动,使天门山进一步抬升,分别被两条断层峡谷切为孤山,使高山与谷地拉开极大高差,几公里之内高差达 1300 多米,从而造就了天门山孤峰高耸、临空独尊的雄伟气势。天门山气象独特,门洞奇绝,植被丰富,历史悠久,是历史文化与佛道文化的神秘载体,是自然景观与人文景观的完美结合。为了加快张家界旅游开发的进程,天门山正处在规模的开发建设中。有的景点尚未正式开放;世界最长的天门山索道以及天门山寺正在筹建之中。(天门洞)在天门山 1264 米高的绝壁之上,生出一个南北洞穿的天然门洞,洞底至洞顶 131.5 米,宽 37 米,纵深 30 米。洞北面顶部边缘,有倒垂的龙头竹,它的根像龙头,树叶像凤尾,因此又叫凤尾竹。东侧是高约 200 多米的沟槽,有泉水从上面飘散,落下点点梅花雨。据说谁能张口接下 48 滴梅花雨,便可羽化成仙。天门洞口,经常能看到岩燕飞舞,山鹰盘旋。随着天气的变化,天门洞有时候吞云吐雾,有时候明朗似镜,构成循环往复、瞬息万变的气象景观。那么,天门洞是怎样形成的呢?地质学家覃功炯先生认为是“漏斗”溶蚀作用的结果。他认为,天门洞东侧地形微向西倾,西侧地形微向东倾,向斜的核部正对天门洞道。东西两壁为两条走向 320 度左右节理所切,同时有一条走向 40 度的节理在天门洞处与其相交。洞顶的两处岩溶漏斗也对岩溶过程起了重要作用。雨水落下后,地表水顺地面斜坡向漏斗流动,一部分涌入土中的水,顺着地层的层间裂隙朝着向斜的核部汇集下流,长期不断的溶蚀过程使局部崩塌,最终使两组溶洞并为一体,形成了天门洞。但是,也有人对此产生异议:天门洞照此理形成,为什么洞的底座是一块巨大的平台,这些岩石能平展展地“崩”出洞外吗?所以说,天门洞的形成至今还是未解之谜。(天门山寺)天门山寺最早建于唐代,古称云钵庵、灵泉院、嵩梁堂,明代时,因择址不当而屡遭风摧又常遭水荒,才将天门山寺从东部山顶迁移至此。以前这里古木参天,浓荫蔽日。古寺门楣上刻有“天门仙山”四字,大门两边的对联是:“天外有天天不夜,山上无山山独尊” ,传为李自成部将野拂撰书。进门为大佛殿后面有观音堂,两边六间平房,最后一栋是祖师殿,规模宏大。民间概括为“三进堂、六耳房,砖墙铁瓦锅如圹” 。山寺原建筑十分讲究,飞檐翘角,雕龙画凤,并塑有佛道神像菩萨等。还有大鼓一面,千斤大钟一口,一座七级石塔和一个大化钱炉。据碑刻记载,自清乾隆至民国五年的 163 年间,天门山寺共修葺过七次,香火曾盛极一时,湘鄂川黔边境十多个县的信徒络绎不绝,都来这里进香拜佛。现天门山旅游股份有限公司正在大规模地修复天门山寺,昔日的繁华又将重现。(龙头岩)这叫龙头岩。以前在石塌上安有石雕的可以转动的龙头。龙头岩面临百丈悬崖。据说过去有不少香客为表示求神拜佛的诚意,手抱龙头绕悬崖转一个圈,只要心诚,保你无事。后来,龙头被人掀下悬崖,现只能看到安放龙头的石坑。龙头岩是观日出去海的最佳观景台。明代岳州知府李镜有天门山唱和诗咏赞:小山历尽到高峰,万仞天门咫尺通。仰望蓬莱红日下,远瞻庐阜白云中。苍崖突兀松杉古,曲经迢遥马迹空。欲造最高峰上立,飞腾须是仗天风。(赤松峰金水池)这个小水池,长约 1.3 米,宽 0.6 米,深仅几公分,无论怎样干旱,池水终年不涸,据说这是远古时期神农皇帝的雨师赤松子炼丹的金水池。北面绝壁下有一形如丹灶的山峰叫丹灶峰,峰顶时有云雾缭绕,像灶膛升起的青烟,相传是赤松子炼丹用的灶。前人有诗:“荒烟杳露处,昔有仙人处。遗迹留丹灶,还疑常来去。 ”丹灶峰下有雷
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